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Knowledge and Understanding:

  • SC5-14LW Analyses interactions between components and processes within biological systems
  • SC5-2VA - Shows a willingness to engage in finding solutions to science-related personal, social and global issues, including shaping sustainable futures
  • SC5-4WS - Develops questions or hypothesis to be investigated scientifically
  • SC5-6WS Undertakes first-hand investigations to collect valid and reliable data and information, individually and collaboratively
  • SC5-7WS Processes, analyses and evaluates data from first-hand investigations and secondary sources to develop evidence-based arguments and conclusions


  • LW2-e Assess ways that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ cultural practices and knowledge of the environment contribute to the conservation and management of sustainable ecosystems
  • LW2-aRecall that ecosystems consist of communities of interdependent organisms and abiotic components of the environment
  • LW2-bOutline using an example, how matter is cycled through ecosystems
  • LW2-cDescribe how energy flows through ecosystems, including input and output through food webs
  • LW2-dAnalyse how changes in some biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem affect populations and/or communities
  • LW2-fEvaluate some examples in ecosystems, of strategies used to balance conserving, protecting and maintaining the quality and sustainability of the environment with human activities and needs


  • WS4-aFormulate questions or hypothesis that can be investigated scientifically
  • WS6-aIndividually and collaboratively using appropriate investigation methods, including fieldwork and laboratory experimentation, collect reliable data
  • WS7.2-aAnalyse patterns and trends, including identifying inconsistencies in data and information
  • WS7.2-fEvaluate conclusions and evidence, including identifying sources of uncertainty and possible alternative explanations